What do I feed it ? Puppy or kitten food. Hopefully you have acquired them from a good breeder that has set you up with the necessare information to give them a good start. Hopefully they have outlined the puppy’s routine and feeding schedule for you to continue. This will minimize stress on the transitioning puppy. Ideally they have provided some of its usual food, to avoid you suddenly changing diet resulting in diarrhoea. If you wish to change its food then slowly ‘transition’ over a few days to a week.
If there is any time of a youngsters life you should feed a good diet it is when it is growing! Aim for using veterinary diets which are well researched brands tailoring to their end size or even breed specific. They should be on a puppy or kitten diet until 6-12 months to get the required nutrients for early growth and bone formation. Pet food diets should all meet the AFCOO standard.
The number of meals depends on their age. It is often written on the packet/tin but also think of their stomach size when offering the portion size. As they grow this will have to be increased. Also keep an eye on their body condition ( esp over the ribs and hips) which can fluctuate.

How important is training? Crate training is very important and gives them that all important ‘time out’, and control. It also sets them up for travelling in car and vet visits/stay overs.
House training can take time but with effort you can end up with a dog that is well mannered around the home and even goes toilet on command.

When can my puppy go outside? 2 weeks after its last vaccination. Parvovirus is very resistent and stays around for about 1 year in the enviroment. Keep your puppy away from public places until it has developed immunity to its vaccinations.

When can I get them desexed? 6 months of age so they are mature enough to cope with an anaesthetic. Females now are advised to have one heat before desexed so their anatomy develops properly. 1 in 6 females develop urinary incontinence later in life however if left intact they risk developing mammary tumours and uterus infections. We say they are better fixed as is ‘one less organ to go wrong!’
If you leave them intact as are considering breeding then carefully consider the Benefits verus the Risks of pregnancy like time, space, responsibility of finding good homes, cost of C section if required.
(see our discussions in youtube videos on www.pethealthawareness.co.nz , video library, tips, under bitchs or desex. )